If your gum disease is too severe there are a variety of other surgical options. A pocket depth reduction, also known as flap surgery, is a surgery that is done when your gum disease has become advanced enough to cause open spaces (known as “pockets”) in the gum tissues. These pockets are prime targets for bacteria to infect and grow in. During a pocket depth reduction, these pockets are cleaned out and sewn back together to allow your teeth and gums to heal properly.
Sometimes so much damage has occurred to the teeth and gums that a pocket depth reduction is not enough to fix the mouth completely. When that is the case, a more in-depth surgery involving a bone or tissue graft is usually needed in order to regenerate the damaged tissues and bring your mouth to proper working order.